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CBD Oils 101

CBD Oils 101

CBD, short for cannabidiol, is a compound found naturally occurring in cannabis plants, which is known as a cannabinoid.

Both hemp and marijuana are the same kind of plant, which is known by the latin name Cannabis sativa.

However, not all cannabis is created equal.

Some cannabis plants have been selectively bred for thick, heavy stalks, whose fibers have been used for centuries to make clothing, sails, paper and rope. Because of their affinity for industrial materials, this type of plant is known as “industrial hemp.”

Like most cannabinoids, CBD possesses therapeutic properties, but it doesn’t have the same intoxicating effects as its relative, the cannabinoid tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

What is CBD Oil?

Sometimes viewed as the most “basic” CBD delivery method, CBD oil is an extract of CBD  suspended in a carrier oil. Usually, the carrier oil is olive, hemp, avocado, or medium-chain triglycerides (MCT), which is derived from coconuts.

Typically, CBD oils are usually made through distillation, which is a process that involves the separation and purification of cannabinoids on a molecular scale.

Distillation starts with crude extraction, which undergoes a refinement phase in which plant compounds are gradually removed until the mixture is around 80% CBD. The remainder will consist of traces of terpenes, minor cannabinoids, and other plant compounds. From there, the manufacturer will continue to refine until a pure CBD isolate is obtained, or they’ll leave these compounds in the mixture to form a full-spectrum blend.

Will CBD Oil Make Me High?

No, CBD does not get you high, despite its relation to THC.

How, then, does CBD make you feel?

There’s a misconception that CBD is not psychoactive, and this isn’t true; CBD is psychoactive, it’s just not intoxicating.

Like THC, CBD is a mood-altering compound with some potentially therapeutic effects, particularly for ailments such as nausea, pain, and inflammation. And while the effects might not be quite as noticeable as the high you get from THC, many users report a sense of calm and relaxation.    

How Does CBD Oil Work?

So how does CBD oil work–specifically, how does it interact with our bodies?

All mammals, including humans, possess an internal network of cells, enzymes, and receptors that are located throughout both the central and peripheral nervous systems, widely known as the endocannabinoid system (ECS).

The ECS features two key receptors, CB1 and CB2, which bind with molecules called ligands in order to manage the release of neurotransmitters, such as glutamate and dopamine.

These receptors work together to facilitate several key functions in the body, such as mood, inflammation, memory, pain management, sleep, and even appetite.

The ECS generates its own cannabinoids, aptly referred to as endocannabinoids. However, there are also cannabinoids created outside the body, which are known as exogenous cannabinoids, and they’re found in cannabis plants.

Endocannabinoids like CBD and THC can also bind with the CB1 or CB2 receptors, which encourages the production of certain effects and physical functions throughout the body.

While this interaction is ultimately theorized, both THC and CBD has been shown to help with pain management, and THC alone has been shown to help raise appetite levels. And with its antioxidant properties, CBD possesses anti-inflammatory properties.

Cannabinoids like CBD and THC are not considered dangerous, because they don’t affect the parts of the brain that regulate vital functions of the body. Unlike opioid receptors, the cannabinoid receptors will never signal your lungs to stop breathing. For this reason, it’s practically impossible to overdose on cannabis.

What are the Benefits of CBD Oil?

In recent years, CBD oil has gained sizable acclaim, and this has been heavily attributed to its therapeutic properties.

Currently, research on CBD is just beginning. However, there has been some interesting potential for the following benefits:

CBD for Insomnia

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a chemical compound found in the cannabis plant. Some people use CBD as a natural remedy for a variety of health issues, including insomnia. While research on the effectiveness of CBD for promoting a better night is limited, some studies suggest that it may be helpful in promoting a better night sleep.

It’s important to note that more research is needed to fully understand the potential benefits and risks of using CBD for sleeping conditions. If you’re considering using CBD t, it’s a good idea to talk to a healthcare provider to discuss whether it’s appropriate for you and to understand the potential risks and benefits.

CBD for Pain Relief

CBD is a chemical found in the hemp plant that has been shown to have potential therapeutic effects for a variety of conditions. Some research suggests that CBD may help to with minor aches and muscle pain.

There is limited scientific evidence to support the use of CBD for pain management. At this point in time, there is still much to learn about the effects CBD can have on the body. However, experts do agree that CBD has an influence on the endocannabinoid system, which it interacts with through the CB1 and CB2 receptors, as discussed above

It’s important to note that CBD is not a replacement for traditional medical treatment, and it’s not a cure for any condition. It’s also important to talk to your doctor before using CBD, as it may interact with certain medications and cause side effects. Your doctor can help you determine if CBD is a safe and appropriate treatment option for you.

CBD Oils vs CBD Edibles

CBD gummies and CBD oil may have a lot in common, but they do have some major differences from each other, and understanding these differences will better help you gauge which product is right for you.

While CBD oils are both made with the same kind of CBD, these two delivery methods can be used in a number of different ways.

When deciding between the two, the main factors to consider would be:

  • how long it takes for the CBD to kick in
  • level of discretion offered
  • Is it beginner-friendly?

So, which CBD product kicks in faster?

In this category, CBD oil is almost always the winner.

Since it can absorb directly into the bloodstream,  this enables it to take effect much more quickly than CBD edibles. CBD edibles, on the other hand, have to undergo the digestion process, and this can take anywhere between 30 minutes to several hours.

But if it’s important that your CBD is discrete, this is when edibles such as gummies may be your best bet. With CBD gummies, you can enjoy your daily CBD wherever you are, free of the worry of turning heads or raising questions.

And while CBD gummies are quite beginner-friendly, there are many users who prefer the freedom and versatility allowed by CBD oils. And with the help of a premeasured dropper, newbies can experiment as they like with less guesswork.

If you seek a CBD delivery method that’s fast-acting and allows for flexible usage, CBD oil has the right pick for you. CBD oil is also going to be more affordable in the long run, which is also quite appealing to many users.

CBD Oil vs CBD Capsules

Now that we’ve compared CBD oils to CBD edibles, let’s talk about the differences between CBD oil and CBD capsules.

As you might have guessed (or known already), CBD capsules are capsules containing CBD oil. Individuals can take CBD capsules with some water, and the CBD will slowly release into the body as the stomach dissolves away the capsule’s casing.

The main difference between CBD capsules and CBD oils is the way in which the CBD is delivered and absorbed. For many users, CBD capsules are especially appealing because they’re so convenient and straightforward. Even more so, users often appreciate the fact that CBD capsules release slowly, so you don’t have to keep taking them throughout the day.

Tinctures, meanwhile, can be taken under the tongue, which is known as the sublingual method. With this method, the CBD absorbs through your tongue’s sublingual gland, which delivers it to the bloodstream without undergoing digestion.

And again, CBD oils offer a lot more versatility than CBD capsules. If your morning coffee or afternoon tea is something you look forward to, make it even better with a few quick drops of CBD! Additionally, CBD oil can be used in mocktails, baked goods, or even add it to some peanut butter and spread it on toast!

CBD Oil vs CBD Vapes

CBD vape E-liquids use the same CBD extract, but it’s suspended in a carrier oil that’s been thinned with agents like propylene glycol (PG) or vegetable glycerin (VG).

Without the help of PG and VG, CBD becomes too viscous to properly undergo the vaporization process correctly.

CBD oils, meanwhile, are extracts with high concentrations of CBD suspended in carrier oil that might be more familiar, like olive oil or MCT oil. CBD oils are specifically formulated for oral consumption, but they are not suitable for the use of vaping, since it’s too thick and viscous to be heated by the coil.

CBD vape e-liquids, on the other hand, should be meant strictly for vaping, and are not suitable for eating, because PG and VG are not meant for oral use.

In short, CBD oil is not suitable for vaping, and CBD vapes should not be taken orally.

Whether you opt for a CBD vape or a CBD oil, all CBD products are meant to serve one purpose: to let you experience CBD’s therapeutic benefits.

With its precise dosing and significant bioavailability, CBD oil is often considered the most popular method of delivery.

But with the increasing demand for CBD products, there is a vast assortment of CBD products that help deliver the same effects, although CBD vape oils have lately been getting a bump on the popularity.

Is CBD Oil Safe?

Currently, the only FDA-approved CBD product is the drug Epidiolex, which is used for the treatment of two rare forms of epilepsy. However, the evidence behind CBD’s effects on the body is still quite limited.

Throughout the approval process for Epidiolex, CBD has been observed to have some potential risks and side effects such as a sedative effect, drug interactions, anxiety, or sleep disorders. Throughout clinical trials, some individuals reported side effects such as a shift in alertness, feelings of nausea, and changes in appetite.

With that being said, it’s nonetheless worth noting that Epoiolex has not been approved by the FDA for its efficacy beyond the realm of Epidiolex, and no assessments have been made regarding the optimal dosage for the average individual.

Experts have also voiced the recommendation that individuals only use products that have been third-party tested for potency, while additionally checking for contaminants like heavy metals or pesticides.

Most CBD product websites should have a Certificate of Authenticity. We advise avoiding those that do not.

Is CBD Oil Legal?

CBD edibles gained a massive spike in popularity after the 2018 Farm Bill was passed by United States legislature, fundamentally changing the way hemp and cannabis industries work.

Because of this legalization of hemp derivatives, manufacturers now have the ability to separate and refine compounds derived from hemp, and sell them commercially without worry of legal trouble. And while it’s true that CBD isn’t the only hemp-derived compound that’s gained popularity, it was one of the first to hit the market.

CBD is legal throughout most of the United States’ jurisdictions, However, it’s worth mentioning that the legal status of CBD in different states can get tricky, since the legality of CBD will heavily come down to the city and state in which you live.

While the Farm Bill prompted the removal of CBD from the list of Schedule I controlled substances, regulations mandated by the FDA are still vague when it comes to CBD, placing it in a bit of a gray area.

In general, the answer should be that yes, CBD is legal. However, that always comes with the disclaimer that legal status will depend on the state and local legislation you live in.

How Much CBD Oil Should I Take?

There are many young, hard-working individuals who use CBD to help them wind down, while also enjoying the additional benefits associated with sleep problems, feelings of overwhelm, and more.

But in order to get the most out of their benefits, it’s important that you get the right dosage that works for you.

The biggest challenge behind determining your optimal CBD oil dosage is the way in which body chemistry varies, and the fact that individuals can have different reactions to CBD. Numerous factors like body size, weight, and overall tolerance can play a role in how it interacts with you.

If you want to determine the proper CBD dose for your needs, it’s important to consider:

  1. What’s the strength of the whole bottle, in mg?
  2. How much CBD is in 1 milliliter (ml)?
  3. How much CBD is contained in the whole dropper?

By taking these questions in consideration, users can determine the proper dosage with your body weight in consideration, while adjusting the amount in milliliters per dropper to better match your dosage guidelines.