CBD oil should have less than 0.3% THC to be legal at federal levels. However, state CBD laws vary, making it possible to have varying THC amounts in CBD oils. This article helps you know more about TCH levels in CBD oil.
When the Farm Bill was passed in 2018, CBD oil technically remained a Schedule I drug but was removed under the Controlled Substances. However, the same bill stated that for any hemp product (including CBD and its products) to be federally legal, it needed to have less than 0.3% THC. Therefore, most CBD oils and products you will buy will have less than 0.3% THC. Nonetheless, states were mandated to formulate their own CBD laws, making it possible to find the allowable THC levels in CBD oil varying. This article helps you know more about THC levels in CBD oil and its products.
What Is CBD Oil?
One product that does not miss out on gas stations and health foods stores is CBD oil, particularly in states that have fully legalized the oil. What is CBD oil and why are people flocking to it? It is the dilute form of CBD, which according to Massi et al. (2006) and Bauer et al. (2020), is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid in hemp and other cannabis strains. Plants in the cannabis class have chemical compounds called cannabinoids, which add up to more than 100 in nature. CBD stands out for being non-psychoactive and its ability to express the desired effect without making you high. Besides the non-intoxicating nature, Watt & Karl (2017) stated that CBD is therapeutic, all the more why people like it.
Do you want to enjoy CBD oil, like the JustCBD oil? There are three different formulations on which you can enjoy CBD oil;
- Full-spectrum CBD oil; has CBD and all other cannabinoids in hemp plants. It also features terpenes and flavonoids, giving it a full entourage effect, according to VanDolah et al. (2019).
- Isolate-based CBD oil; has pure CBD without additional cannabinoids, terpenes, or flavonoids.
- Broad-spectrum CBD oil; is more like full-spectrum CBD oil in composition, but differs subtly. It has CBD with all other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids, but does not have THC.
If you are contemplating taking CBD oil, you need to know what THC is since the two are closely related. As stated at the outset, cannabis plants have multiple cannabinoids, with CBD being one. The other cannabinoid that has spun the interest of many scientific studies is THC. According to Schlienz et al. (2018), THC is a psychoactive cannabinoid. Although THC and CBD can be found in hemp plants, THC can cause the high effect that CBD and its products do not have.
Why Is the THC Amount in CBD Oil Important?
Since THC can make a person high because of its psychoactive properties, you need to know how much of it is in CBD oil. According to the Farm Bill, passed in 2018, hemp products like CBD oils are only federally legal if they have less than 0.3% THC. Most companies in the US and beyond observe the Farm Bill requirements and ensure the CBD oils they produce have THC levels not more than 0.3%. In fact, only full-spectrum CBD oil should have this amount of THC, the other two formulations technically have no THC. Even the JustCBD oils and tinctures have less than 0.3% THC.
State CBD Laws Vary
Although the Farm Bill passing meant that CBD oil could have THC as long as it did not exceed 0.3% by dry weight, state CBD laws vary. The bill mandated states to formulate CBD laws applicable to them, making CBD laws vary from one state to another. Therefore, it is not surprising that some states might have higher amounts of THC in CBD oils than others. In fact, in the 33 states in which cannabis is legal for medicinal purposes, you can find CBD oils with THC amounts higher than the mentioned threshold. If you are new to CBD oil, research your state’s CBD laws to ensure that the product you are buying features the right amount of THC and will not put you in trouble with the law.
Cannabinoids in Hemp and Other Cannabis Plants
The cannabis class has many strains whose cannabinoid levels also vary. For instance, the hemp plant, an example of a cannabis plant, has more CBD and less THC, which is different from other cannabis strains. According to ElSohly et al. (2016), the amount of THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids in different cannabis plants has changed significantly from 1995 to 2014. The study mentioned that most cannabis strains had 12% THC as of 2014, a great improvement from the 4% in 1995. Modification of cannabis plants helps CBD brands produce hemp plants with more CBD than THC, meeting the industrial needs to produce high-CBD products with less THC.
Will CBD Oil Get You ‘High?
One question many ask while making CBD oil part of their regimen is whether the oil will get them high. According to Bauer et al. (2020), CBD is non-psychoactive, meaning that it should not make you high. Still, this statement is not sealed and depends on the CBD formulation that you have opted for and the THC concentration. For instance, if you buy high-quality CBD oils from reputable brands whose lab results reveal that no THC is in the oils, the chances of getting high are almost zero. However, because of the massive lack of regulation of the CBD world and the lack of 3rd party testing in most brands, a broad-spectrum or isolate-based CBD oil with technically no THC might have THC, and depending on your THC tolerance, you might or may not get high. The same applies to drug tests. Some brands that profess to offer zero-THC CBD oils might sell products with THC, and depending on the type of test, you might test positive. However, with the JustCBD Lab Reports hub that’s easily accessible, you get the true picture of the amount of THC in whatever product you are buying.
The Farm Bill considers CBD oil with less than 0.3% THC federally legal. Thus, most CBD oils have no THC or THC levels not more than 0.3% by dry weight. Still, state CBD laws vary, making it possible to find CBD oils from different brands in varying states having varying amounts of THC. Read this article to know how much CBD is in CBD oils.
ReferencesBauer, B. A. (2020). What Are The Benefits Of CBD–And Is It Safe To Use? In Mayo Clinic.
ElSohly, M. A., Mehmedic, Z., Foster, S., Gon, C., Chandra, S., & Church, J. C. (2016).
Changes in Cannabis Potency Over the Last 2 Decades (1995-2014): Analysis of
Current Data in the United States. Biological psychiatry, 79(7), 613–619.
Massi, P., Vaccani, A., Bianchessi, S., Costa, B., Macchi, P., & Parolaro, D. (2006). The
non-psychoactive cannabidiol triggers caspase activation and oxidative stress in
human glioma cells. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences CMLS, 63(17), 2057-2066.
Schlienz, N. J., Lee, D. C., Stitzer, M. L., & Vandrey, R. (2018). The effect of high-dose
dronabinol (oral THC) maintenance on cannabis self-administration. Drug and
alcohol dependence, 187, 254-260.
VanDolah, H. J., Bauer, B. A., & Mauck, K. F. (2019, September). Clinicians’ guide to
cannabidiol and hemp oils. In Mayo Clinic Proceedings (Vol. 94, No. 9, pp. 1840-1851). Elsevier.
Watt, G., & Karl, T. (2017). In vivo evidence for therapeutic properties of cannabidiol
(CBD) for Alzheimer’s disease. Frontiers in pharmacology, 8, 20.